The 2012 Delhi gang rape case involved a rape and fatal assault that occurred on 16 December 2012 in Munirka, a neighbourhood inSouth Delhi, when Jyoti Singh, a 23-year-old female physiotherapy intern was beaten and gang raped in a private bus in which she was travelling with a male friend. There were six others in the bus, including the driver, all of whom raped the woman and beat her friend. The woman died from her injuries thirteen days later while undergoing emergency treatment in Singapore. The incident generated widespread national and international coverage and was widely condemned, both in India and abroad. Subsequently, public protests against the state and central governments for failing to provide adequate security for women took place in New Delhi, where thousands of protesters clashed with security forces. Similar protests took place in major cities throughout the country.
All the accused were arrested and charged with sexual assault and murder. One of the accused, Ram Singh, died in police custody on 11 March 2013 in the Tihar Jail. According to some published reports, the police say Ram Singh hanged himself, but defence lawyers and his family suspect he was murdered. The rest of the accused went on trial in a fast-track court; the prosecution finished presenting its evidence on 8 July 2013. The juvenile was convicted of rape and murder and given the maximum sentence of three years’ imprisonment in a reform facility. On 10 September 2013, the four remaining adult defendants were found guilty of rape and murder and three days later were sentenced to death by hanging. On 13 March 2014, Delhi High Court in the death reference case and hearing appeals against the conviction by the lower Court, upheld the guilty verdict and the death sentences.
As a result of the protests, in December 2012, a judicial committee was set up to study and take public suggestions for the best ways to amend laws to provide quicker investigation and prosecution of sex offenders. After considering 80,000 suggestions, the committee submitted a report which indicated that failures on the part of the government and police were the root cause behind crimes against women. In 2013, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 was promulgated by President Pranab Mukherjee, several new laws were passed, and six new fast-track courts were created to hear rape cases. Critics argue that the legal system remains slow to hear and prosecute rape cases, but most agree that the case has resulted in a tremendous increase in the public discussion of crimes against women and statistics show that there has been an improvement in the number of women willing to file a crime report. At a memorial held in December 2013, the press interviewed a young woman who had taken part in the protests a year earlier. She related that while “A welcome change is that the taboo on discussion of rape and sexual violence has been broken,” she saw “absolutely no change in the rape culture and related brutality”. A BBC documentary titled ‘India’s Daughter‘ based on the attack was broadcast in the UK on 4 March 2015.
- Gardiner Harris (3 January 2013). “Murder Charges Are Filed Against 5 Men in New Delhi Gang Rape”. The New York Times. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Jump up^ mirror.co.uk, 5 January 2013, I want the world to know my daughter’s name is Jyoti Singh, Accessed 7 March 2015
- Jump up^ “IAP condoles death of Delhi gang-rape victim”. New Delhi: Zee News. Press Trust of India. 29 December 2012.Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d Mandhana, Nikarika; Trivedi, Anjani (18 December 2012). “Indians Outraged by Account of Gang Rape on a Bus”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Jump up^ “Delhi gangrape: Chronology of events”. The Hindu(New Delhi). 31 August 2013. Retrieved 2 September2013.
- Jump up^ Pandey, Devesh K.; Sikdar, Shubhomoy (11 March 2013). “Delhi gang-rape case accused commits ‘suicide'”. The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved11 March 2013.
- Jump up^ “Delhi rape accused found dead in prison”. BBC. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “December 16 gang rape: Prosecution finishes evidence”. The Times of India. Indo-Asian News Service. 8 July 2013. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- Jump up^ (English) « Fast Track court awards death sentences to convicts of Delhi Rape case », Ramalingam.Va, Le Journal International, 14 septembre 2013
- ^ Jump up to:a b “Delhi gang rape: Four sentenced to death”. BBC News. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Barry, Ellen (13 September 2013). “4 Sentenced to Death in Rape Case That Riveted India”. The New York Times. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- ^ Jump up to:a b Sharma, Betwa (13 September 2013). “Photos: Indian court echoes populist outcry, gives 4 rapists death sentence”. Sneak Peek. Vocativ.com. Retrieved14 September 2013.
- ^ Jump up to:a b “Delhi gang-rape case: High Court verdict confirms convicts’ death sentence”. 13 March 2014. Retrieved13 March 2014.
- Jump up^ December 16 Delhi gangrape: one year later
- ^ Jump up to:a b http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/bbc-airs-nirbhaya-documentary-indias-daughter-in-uk-744394